Tag - Resignation

Resignation and Illegal Dismissal

While the rules on resignation is settled, especially under Article 300 of the Labor Code, as amended, in actual situations, resignation is a confused subject matter especially if attended with claim of illegal dismissal. So, what is the legal perspective on this matter? It is good to revisit the 2020 case of Italkarat 18, Inc. vs. Gerasmio, G.R. No. 221411, September 28, 2020. The Supreme Court (SC) held that the fact of dismissal must first be proven, especially considering the [...]

Resigned Employees are not Entitled to Separation Pay

Resignation is provided under Art. 300 of the Labor Code. There is nothing in such article that mandates the payment of separation pay to resigned employee. In a case of Italkarat 18, Inc. vs. Gerasmio, (G.R. No. 221411, September 28, 2020), the Supreme Court held that as a general rule, the law does not require employers to pay employees that have resigned any separation pay, unless there is a contract that provides otherwise or there exists a company practice [...]

Claim of Involuntariness in Employee Resignation

Resignation is one of the rights granted to employees under Article 300 of the Labor Code, as amended. In the case of Italkarat 18, Inc. vs. Gerasmio (G.R. No. 221411, September 28, 2020), the Supreme Court (SC) held that records are bereft of substantial evidence that will unmistakably establish a case of constructive dismissal. An act, to be considered as amounting to constructive dismissal, must be a display of utter discrimination or insensibility on the part of the employer so [...]

Resignation Becomes Complete Once the Employer Accepts

Resignation is one of the rights of the employee set forth under Article 300 of the Labor Code, as amended. It can be voluntary or involuntary. The latter being based on just cause enumerated in the article like serious insult, abuse, etc. In the case of Intertrod Maritime, Inc. vs. National Labor Relations Commission (G.R. No. 81087, June 19, 1991), the Supreme Court held that resignation is the voluntary act of an employee who “finds himself in a situation [...]

Strong Words by the Employer Do not Necessarily Result in Constructive Dismissal

Strong words alone cannot make the employment of employee unbearable. In short, they do not necessarily amount to constructive dismissal. Constructive dismissal exists if an act of clear discrimination, insensibility, or disdain by an employer becomes so unbearable on the part of the employee that it could foreclose any choice by him or her except to forego his or her continued employment. The test for determining if an employee was constructively dismissed is whether a reasonable person in the employee’s [...]

Resignation may be established as Voluntary by Factual Circumstances

Resignation is the voluntary act of an employee who is in a situation where one believes that personal reasons cannot be sacrificed in favor of the exigency of the service, and one has no other choice but to dissociate oneself from employment. It is a formal pronouncement or relinquishment of an office, with the intention of relinquishing the office accompanied by the act of relinquishment. As the intent to relinquish must concur with the overt act of relinquishment, the [...]

Resignation Rules Explained – Youtube Video

Resignation is the voluntary act of an employee who is in a situation where one believes that personal. reasons cannot be sacrificed in favor of the exigency of the service, and has no other choice but to dissociate from employment. Resignation is a formal pronouncement or relinquishment of an office, and must be made with the intention of relinquishing the office accompanied by the act of relinquishment. A resignation must be unconditional and with the intent to operate as [...]

Notice to Explain for Absences Prior to Effective Date of Resignation

Notice to explain is provided in this post as a sample in a case where the employee submitted the resignation but did not observe the 30-day prior notice. Article 300 of the Labor Code provides that an employee may terminate without just cause the employee-employer relationship by serving a written notice on the employer at least one (1) month in advance. The employer upon whom no such notice was served may hold the employee liable for damages. For instance on [...]

Resignation and Execution of Quitclaim as Defense in an Illegal Dismissal Case Should Comply with Legal Requirements

Resignation is the voluntary act of an employee who is in a situation where one believes that personal reasons cannot be sacrificed in favor of the exigency of the service, and one has no other choice but to dissociate oneself from employment. It is a formal pronouncement or relinquishment of an office, with the intention of relinquishing the office accompanied by the act of relinquishment. As the intent to relinquish must concur with the overt act of relinquishment, the [...]

Resignation is Voluntary Where it Lacks Reluctance or Tension, Expresses Gratitude and Well Wishes, Without Qualification, and Without Any Sign of Aggression, Bitterness, or Hostility Towards Employer

Resignation is the voluntary act of an employee who is in a situation where one believes that personal reasons cannot be sacrificed in favor of the exigency of the service, and one has no other choice but to dissociate oneself from employment. It is a formal pronouncement or relinquishment of an office, with the intention of relinquishing the office accompanied by the act of relinquishment. As the intent to relinquish must concur with the overt act of relinquishment, the [...]

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