Tag - employer

Probationary Employment Contract Formulation in the Philippines

Probationary employment is one of the forms of employment in the Philippines wherein the employee undergoes the trial period to determine qualification as regular employee. A probationary appointment affords the employer an opportunity to observe the skill, competence and attitude of a probationer. The word probationary, as used to describe the period of employment, implies the purpose of the term or period (Enchanted Kingdom, Inc. vs. Verzo, G.R. No. 209559, December 09, 2015). While the employer observes the fitness, propriety and [...]

Classes of Positions of Trust

In a case involving breach of trust and confidence, it is required that the employee being investigated holds a position of trust. There are two classes of positions of trust. The first class consists of managerial employees and the second. class consists of cashiers, auditors, property custodians, etc. (Abelardo P. Abel vs. Philex Mining Corporation, G.R. No. 178976, July 31, 2009 citing Mabeza vs. National Labor Relations Commission, G.R. No. 118506, April 18, 1997, 271 SCRA 670, 682.) Managerial employees [...]

Loss of Trust and Confidence as Ground for Termination Must have Reasonable Grounds

For loss of trust and confidence to constitute a sufficient ground for termination, the employer must have a reasonable ground to believe, if not to entertain the moral conviction, that the employee was responsible for the misconduct, and that the nature of his participation therein rendered him absolutely unworthy of the trust and confidence demanded by his position. As can be deduced from Article 297 of the Labor Code, as amended, the breach of trust and confidence must be [...]

Fraud and Loss of Trust and Confidence

A managerial employee is conferred with full trust and confidence by his employer. While as a manager he could exercise some discretion, such does not cover acts of betrayal of trust and confidence of his employer. He cannot reimburse his family’s personal travel expenses out of company funds. His act amounted to fraud or deceit which led to the loss of trust and confidence of his employer. An employee, the Officer-in-Charge of the company in its boutique misappropriated the [...]

Claim of Abandonment vs Claim of Illegal Dismissal

Contrasting allegations may be presented in court involving employee who claims to have been verbally dismissed from service and employer who denies having done so and instead alleges that the employee abandoned his job. If so, how it should be resolved? In the August 2013 case of MZR Industries vs. Colambot, the Supreme Court held, in sum: The Court recognized the rule that in illegal dis- missal cases, the employer bears the burden of proving that the termination was for a [...]

Abandonment Requires Notice

Abandonment is a ground for dismissal of employees under Article 297 of the Labor Code, as amended. Being considered as within the context of gross and habitual neglect of duty. However, while abandoning employee is usually not physically available, he should still be served the notices for the dismissal. There is no such thing automatic termination for abandonment. An employee whom the employer deems to have abandoned his work cannot be automatically terminated. Due process is required in order for [...]

Sample Computation of Wage and Benefits Under NCR Wage Order No. 23

The RTWPB of NCR has issued Wage Order No. 23 increasing the NCR minimum wage by PhP33.000 per day making the new minimum for non-agricultural sector at PhP570.00. With the increase in the minimum wage, business owners may be interested to see the picture of how it would look like in numbers. Below are the illustrations of this projected implementation although the wage order still has to take effect following the completion of its publication. Reportedly, it shall take effect [...]

No Spouse Employment Policy

The case of Star Paper Corporation vs. Simbol brought about the concepts of disparate impact and disparate treatment on employment discrimination into our shores. In disparate treatment analysis, the complainant must prove that an employment policy is discriminatory on its face. No-spouse employment policies requiring an employee of a particular sex to either quit, transfer, or be fired are facially discriminatory. For example, an employment policy prohibiting the employer from hiring wives of male employees, but not husbands of [...]

Specific Instances Constituting Serious Misconduct

A series of irregularities may constitute serious misconduct. Thus, in Gustilo vs. Wyeth Phils. where the employee committed the following acts: Falsified his employment application form by not stating therein that he is the nephew of the company’s manager; Falsified gasoline receipt; Submitted false report of his trade outlet calls; and Unauthorized availment of sick, vacation and emergency leaves The Court held that with those listed offenses, the dismissal from service is in order. Citing Piedad vs. Lanao del Norte Electric Cooperative, Inc. [...]

Holiday Pay Sample Computation for Eid’l Fitr (3 May 2022)

Holiday pay should be paid accordingly, particularly the regular holiday. Proclamation No. 1236 issued on 29 October 2021 declared, among others, Eid’l Fitr as a national holiday. Under R.A. 9492, Eid’l Fitr was declared as a regular holiday. It is a movable date. View the PDF copy of Proclamation No. 1236 (original file not mine). Likewise, R.A. 9177 also declared Eid’l Fitr (Feast of Ramadhan) as a regular holiday throughout the country. Under Proclamation No. 1236, the proclamation declaring national holidays for [...]

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