Tag - substantive due process

Burden of Proof in Termination Due to Authorized Cause

The authorized causes under Article 298 are as follows: Installation of labor-saving devices; Redundancy; Retrenchment; and Closure or cessation of business operations of an establishment or an undertaking. It appears that the enumeration is exclusive. Meaning, there can be no other grounds that can be invoked other than those stated. This is so because the precursor of Article 298, Article 299, previously carried a comprehensive phrase “other similar causes” which was repeated twice in the old provision. While in the new provision as presently [...]

Insubordination and Compliance with Lawful Orders of Employer

It may dawn upon an employee who does not want to comply with an order to file a case questioning its validity thinking that his filing will give him an excuse not to follow such command. The Supreme Court ruled that it would be dangerous doctrine indeed to allow employees to refuse to comply with rules and regulations, policies and procedures laid down by their employer by the simple expedient of formally challenging their reasonableness or the motives which [...]

Sexual Harassment in a Nutshell

Republic Act 7877 or the “Anti-Sexual Harassment Act of 1995” governs the cases of sexual harassment. In section 3 of the law, it provides that: “Section 3. Work, Education or Training- Related, Sexual Harassment Defined.—Work, education or training-related sexual harassment is commit ted by an employer, employee, manager, supervisor, agent of the employer, teacher, instructor, professor, coach, trainor, or any other person who, having authority, influence or moral ascendancy over another in a work or training or education environment, [...]

Specific Instances Constituting Serious Misconduct

A series of irregularities may constitute serious misconduct. Thus, in Gustilo vs. Wyeth Phils. where the employee committed the following acts: Falsified his employment application form by not stating therein that he is the nephew of the company’s manager; Falsified gasoline receipt; Submitted false report of his trade outlet calls; and Unauthorized availment of sick, vacation and emergency leaves The Court held that with those listed offenses, the dismissal from service is in order. Citing Piedad vs. Lanao del Norte Electric Cooperative, Inc. [...]

Substantive Due Process in Employee Dismissal

Substantive due process is one of the aspects of due process required to be observed in employee dismissal. Failure to comply with this requirement will render the dismissal illegal. The post below is based on the book Guide to Valid Dismissal of Employees (pp. 51-53) As discussed, there are two aspects of due process: 1) The procedural due process and 2) the substantive due process. In order to validly dismiss an employee, it is fundamental that the employer observe both substantive and procedural [...]

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