Tag - willful breach of trust

Doctrine of Command Responsibility for Managerial Employees and Breach of Trust by Rank and File Employees

In the case of a Chief Purser of a passenger ship, the established facts show that although he did not participate in the commission of anomalies, he was still liable due to his failure to detect those irregularities. (See Vicente C. Etcuban, Jr. vs. Sulpicio Lines, Inc., G.R. No. 148410, January 17, 2005.) Interestingly, jurisprudence has made a connection between neglect of duty and loss of trust and confidence involving a managerial employee or a rank-and-file holding a fiduciary position. In [...]

Loss of Trust and Confidence as Ground for Termination Must have Reasonable Grounds

For loss of trust and confidence to constitute a sufficient ground for termination, the employer must have a reasonable ground to believe, if not to entertain the moral conviction, that the employee was responsible for the misconduct, and that the nature of his participation therein rendered him absolutely unworthy of the trust and confidence demanded by his position. As can be deduced from Article 297 of the Labor Code, as amended, the breach of trust and confidence must be willful. [...]

Breach of Trust is a Factual Issue

Breach trust must be proven as a fact. There must be some evidence to substantiate the claim and form a legal basis for loss of confidence. The employer cannot exercise arbitrarily and without just cause the right to dismiss an employee for loss of trust and confidence. While it is true that loss of trust and confidence is a just cause for termination, it must not be simulated or concocted but must be supported by substantial evidence. The evidence must be substantial [...]

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